Hypertension (raised blood pressure) treatment rates have almost doubled and control rates have trebled in England between 1994 and 201, according to a new study.
The report, published in The Lancet, suggest that if these improvements in blood pressure management continue until 2022, 80% of patients being treated for hypertension will have achieved control of their high blood pressure, preventing a further 50,000 major cardiovascular events (eg, strokes, heart attacks, and deaths) in that year.
"Although the rates of diagnosis, treatment, and control of raised blood pressure remain suboptimum in England, our findings are still a cause for optimism," said study leader Emanuela Falaschetti from Imperial College London in the UK.
Hypertension (blood pressure 140/90mm Hg or higher) is the single most important risk factor for early death, causing an estimated 9.4 million deaths every year worldwide. Around 30% of people in England have high blood pressure.
Using data from five Health Survey for England surveys (1994, 1998, 2003, 2006, and 2011) -- nationally representative samples of adults aged 16 years and older living in private households -- the researchers analysed trends in the awareness, treatment, and control of raised blood pressure during the past 17 years.
Encouragingly, the results showed that average blood pressure levels of men and women in the general population have steadily improved between 1994 and 2011, with average systolic blood pressure falling by about 5mm Hg in men and 9mm Hg in women.
Additionally, treatment rates have almost doubled between 1994 and 2011, with 58% of hypertensive adults receiving treatment in 2011. Among those treated, patients keeping their blood pressure under control (<140/90mm Hg) have almost doubled from 33% in 1994 to 63% in 2011. As a result, in adults receiving treatment, blood pressure levels have fallen 15mm Hg since 1994.