The Government has pledged £20 million to develop a new vaccine for coronavirus as deaths from the outbreak reach 361 with the total number of cases in China hitting 17,000.

The new funding will support work developing new vaccines for epidemics, including their three new programmes to develop vaccines against the novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV. These projects aim to advance 2019-nCoV vaccine candidates into clinical testing as quickly as possible.

Health Secretary Matt Hancock said: "Vaccines are our best defense against a host of deadly diseases, including coronavirus. The UK is a hub of world-leading and pioneering research, and it is vital that we lead the way in developing new vaccines to target global threats with scientists from across the world.

"The £20 million announced today will help our globally recognised vaccine development capabilities continue to develop new defences against emerging diseases including coronavirus. It’s paramount we invest in vital research about infectious diseases, keeping the UK at the forefront of modern-day science so we can share this knowledge globally."

The £20m in new funding will go to the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) – a global partnership between public, private, philanthropic, and civil society organisations launched in Davos in 2017 to develop vaccines to stop future epidemics. It was originally formed in response to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa.

Ambitious and unprecedented timeline 

Dr Richard Hatchett, CEO of CEPI, said: "CEPI welcomes the UK’s continued support and funding for our vital work, which comes at a crucial moment as the world races to respond to the emergence of a novel coronavirus. The rapid global spread and unique epidemiological characteristics of the virus are deeply concerning.

"Our hope is that, with our partners, we can get an investigational vaccine from gene sequencing of the pathogen through to clinical testing in 16 weeks. The earliest stage of clinical trials (Phase I), to establish the safety of investigational vaccines, would take around two to four months."

He admitted that this was an extremely ambitious timeline that was unprecedented in the of field vaccine development and said even if they were successful there will be further challenges to navigate before they could make vaccines more broadly available.

The Government is also in initial stages of talks between NIHR and UKRI regarding plans to run a rapid research call to support the global response to 2019-nCoV.

Two patients in England, who are members of the same family, have tested positive for coronavirus. The patients are receiving specialist care, and the NHS is using tried and tested infection control procedures to prevent further spread of the virus.